Feeding of preterm infants and fortification of breast milk

Submitted: 7 June 2017
Accepted: 21 June 2017
Published: 28 June 2017
Abstract Views: 7333
PDF: 4092
HTML: 896
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.


The administration of the adequate amount of nutrients helps to improve a correct short-term linear growth and long-term neurocognitive development. To reduce the extra-uterine growth delay in very low birth weight infants (VLBW) the best strategy of nutrition (parenteral or enteral) should be established rapidly, since the first day of life. In preterm infants, nutrition can be administered parenterally and enterally. Prematurity is the most frequent indication for parenteral nutritional support due to intestinal functional immune deficiency, deficiency of digestive enzymatic systems and reduced nutritional reserve of these infants. In terms of enteral nutrition, breast milk is the first choice. In case of preterm and VLBW infants, fortifiers are used to overcome breast milk's protein and mineral deficiencies. When breast milk is not available, specific infant formula is the alternative.

Supporting Agencies

Merqurio Editore

Mangili, G., & Garzoli, E. (2017). Feeding of preterm infants and fortification of breast milk. La Pediatria Medica E Chirurgica, 39(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/pmc.2017.158


Download data is not yet available.