Effectiveness of web-based play therapy intervention in supporting the development of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder


Published: 28 March 2023
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Authors

  • Lina Budiyarti Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
  • Nur Agustini Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
  • Happy Hayati Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
  • Ria Utami Panjaitan Department of Mental Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
  • Nuraini Hakim Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Cendekia Abditama, Tangerang, Indonesia.

The high prevalence of children with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Indonesia has become a concern for nursing because ADHD might emerge as neurological developmental problems if not treated early through appropriate intervention. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of web-based play therapy on the emotional, behavioural and social development of school-age children with ADHD. This study employs a quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group design with purposive sampling technique, and 126 children with ADHD (patients at a psychiatric hospital in Indonesia) as participants. The results show that play therapy is an effective intervention for the emotional, behavioural and social development of school-age children with ADHD (p = 0.048, p = 0.030, p = 0.030; α= 0.05). This study is recommended as a reference for optimising nursing care for children with ADHD using information technology in the form of web-based play therapy designed in line with the fundamentals of intervention for children with ADHD, using attractive features and flexible access.


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