Cover Image

Human milk: composition and health benefits

Fabio Mosca, Maria Lorella Giannì
  • Fabio Mosca
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, IRCCS Foundation Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
  • Maria Lorella Giannì
    Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, IRCCS Foundation Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, University of Milan, Milan, Italy | maria.gianni@unimi.it

Abstract

Breastfeeding is widely acknowledged as the normal and unequalled method for feeding infants due to its associated health benefits, both for the infant and the mother. The World Health Organization recommends that infants are exclusively breastfed up to the completion of six months of age, with  breastfeeding continuing to be an important part of the diet until the infant is at least two years old. The several health benefits associated with breastfeeding are driven by the combined action of the nutritional and bioactive components in human milk and the magnitude of the majority of the ascertained biological effects is directly dependent on breastfeeding duration.

This review briefly summarizes the current knowledge on the composition of human milk and provides an overview on its functional effects on health outcomes, focusing on the latest research results.

 

Keywords

Human milk; Composition; Benefits; Infant

Full Text:

PDF
HTML
Submitted: 2017-06-07 13:47:09
Published: 2017-06-28 15:14:44
Search for citations in Google Scholar
Related articles: Google Scholar
Abstract views:
1321

Views:
PDF
906
HTML
311

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Copyright (c) 2017 Fabio Mosca, Maria Lorella Giannì

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
 
© PAGEPress 2008-2017     -     PAGEPress is a registered trademark property of PAGEPress srl, Italy.     -     VAT: IT02125780185