Laparoscopic treatment of congenital choledochal cyst and hepaticojejunostomy with extracorporeal Roux-en-Y anastomosis: technical aspects and early experience with three cases

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Mario Lima
Tommaso Gargano *
Giovanni Ruggeri
Francesca Destro
Michela Maffi
(*) Corresponding Author:
Tommaso Gargano | tommaso.gargano2@unibo.it

Abstract

Choledochal cyst (CDC) is a congenital dilatation of the extra and/or intrahepatic bile ducts and it is a rare condition in western countries. Classical treatment consists of cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy. The first case of a laparoscopic CDC excision was described in 1995 and since that time an increasing number of institutions have adopted this technique, with good success. We describe our early experience of 3 cases of CDC treated with laparoscopic approach. We used a 10 mm umbilical port for the camera, and four 3-5 mm operative ports. We performed the laparoscopic removal of the cyst and gallbladder, videoassisted preparation of the Roux-en-Y loop and laparoscopic hepaticjejunostomy. No post-operative complications occurred. Laparoscopic excision of CDCs has been supposed to give better observation, a better cosmetic result, potentially less postoperative pain, and a shorter recovery. The main argument for performing an extracorporeal anastomosis is that it decreases the operative time. We recommend caution to prevent injury to the pancreatic duct and biliary structures during dissection and anastomosis. Lifelong surveillance is mandatory, even after resection of the choledochal cyst.

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